The Okavango Research Institute (ORI) of the University of Botswana was established in 1994 in response to the need to understand the implications of the implementation of the Southern Okavango Integrated Water Development Project (SOIWDP). The need for scientific information on the Okavango Delta ecosystem resulted in the Botswana Government establishing the ORI, formerly Harry Oppenheimer Okavango Research Centre (HOORC) and under the auspices of the University of Botswana in 1994. ORI is dedicated to the study of wetlands and adjacent drylands. The need for information and knowledge on the Okavango Delta was also mentioned by Vision 2016 of the Government of Botswana. ORI is currently the only Research Institute of the University of Botswana. The Institute was established to promote multi-disciplinary research to make the University of Botswana a research-intensive University by 2021. To implement its research strategy, the University of Botswana has a policy for the establishment of Research Centres, Research Institutes and Centres of Excellence.